Decree on Sculptures, Paris (1676)

Source: Bibliothèque nationale de France : Mss. Fr. 22119 n°60

Decree on Sculptures, Paris (1676), Primary Sources on Copyright (1450-1900), eds L. Bently & M. Kretschmer,

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Full title:
Decree of the Council containing prohibitions on the copying and casting of works of sculpture from the Academy

Full title original language:
Arrest du Conseil portant deffenses de copier & mouler les Ouvrages des Sculpteurs de l'Académie

The Council of State decree of 21 June 1676 was the first in France to provide sculptors with a safeguard against the casting and counterfeiting of their works by others. The same protection was extended to painters on 28 June 1714. Thus, the royal provisions of 1676 have sometimes been interpreted as the first significant acknowledgement of artistic property. In reality, however, it was against a backdrop of intense rivalry between various guilds, headed by the Master Painters and Sculptors of the Académie de Saint-Luc, that the sculptors' perpetual monopoly was tied by this decree to the condition that their works had to bear the sign of the Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture. Similarly, in 1714, the protection granted by the new decree was to benefit solely painters affiliated to the Royal Academy whose works it was henceforth forbidden to engrave or print without their permission.

Commentary: No commentaries for this record.


Related documents in this database:
1714: Decree on Fine Arts
1777: Royal declaration on sculpture and painting
1794: Petition by citizen makers of plaster casts to the National Convention, 3rd March

Author: N/A

Publisher: N/A

Year: 1676

Location: Paris

Language: French

Source: Bibliothèque nationale de France : Mss. Fr. 22119 n°60

Persons referred to:
Colbert, Jean Baptiste
Louis XIV
Ramet, M.
Silvain, M.

Places referred to:

Cases referred to:

Institutions referred to:
Chancery of France ('Grande Chancellerie')
King's Council of State (France)
Parisian Guild of Master Painters and Sculptors
Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture (Paris)

French royal decree prohibiting the copying of sculptures (1676)

moral rights, integrity
sculpture, protected subject matter

Responsible editor: Frédéric Rideau

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