Gareis: Juridical Nature of Author's Rights (1877)

Source: Digital library of the Max-Planck-Institut für europäische Rechtsgeschichte.

Gareis: Juridical Nature of Author's Rights (1877), Primary Sources on Copyright (1450-1900), eds L. Bently & M. Kretschmer,

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Full title:
The Juridical Nature of Author's Rights, as well as of Tradename and Trademark Protection

Full title original language:
Das juristische Wesen der Autorrechte, sowie des Firmen- und Markenschutzes

Karl Gareis (1844-1923) is considered to be the first jurist to have presented a consistent theory of what in modern German law has developed to become the so-called 'rights of personality' (Persönlichkeitsrechte), comprising what in U.S. law is called 'personality rights', but also aspects of the right to privacy, the protection of personal information, protection against defamation and moral rights aspects embedded in copyright law. At the heart of what Gareis preferred to call 'individual rights' (Individualrechte) is the 'control of what is individual about oneself' (p. 199). Three levels are identified: 'The human instinct to live, move freely, and do everything which makes life [...] individually as pleasant as possible', the 'protection of a specific name which distinguishes the individual' and 'that the individual be considered the author of a particular achievement and that, therefore, all (successful) consequences accruing to the author of this individual achievement really are channelled back to the individual concerned.' The commentary traces the roots of Gareis's theory in German idealism and follows the development of the theory in German copyright law.

1 Commentary:

  • Schwab, Dieter, 'Geschichtliches Recht und moderne Zeiten', in Gottfried Baumgärtel (ed.), 'Festschrift Heinz Huebner' (Berlin: de Gruyter, 1984), 215-237

  • Klippel, Diethelm, 'Die Theorie der Persönlichkeitsrechte bei Karl Gareis', 'Festschrift für Fritz Traub' (Frankfurt: Deutscher Fachverlag, 1994), 211-227

  • Dölemeyer, Barbara and Diethelm Klippel, 'Der Beitrag der deutschen Rechtswissenschaft zur Theorie des gewerblichen Rechtsschutzes und Urheberrechts', in 'Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht in Deutschland' (Weinheim: VCH, 1991), 1: 185-240

Related documents in this database:

Author: Carl Gareis (1844-1923)

Publisher: N/A

Year: 1877

Location: N/A

Language: German

Source: Digital library of the Max-Planck-Institut für europäische Rechtsgeschichte.

Persons referred to:

Beseler, Karl Georg Christoph
Bismarck, Otto von
Bluntschli, Johann Kaspar
Bruns, Carl Georg
Dollmann, Karl Friedrich
Dreyer, Johann Carl Heinrich
Endemann, Wilhelm
Fichte, Johann Gottlieb
Gareis, Carl
Gengler, Heinrich-Gottfried Philipp
Gerber, Karl Friedrich Wilhelm von
Hartmann, Gustav
Holtzendorff, Franz von
Kant, Immanuel
Klostermann, Rudolf
Mandry, Johann Gustav Karl von
Neuner, Carl
Puchta, Georg Friedrich
Renouard, Augustin-Charles
Savigny, Friedrich Carl von
Thöl, Johann Heinrich
Unger, Joseph
Windscheid, Bernhard
Wächter, Oscar von

Places referred to:

Cases referred to:

Institutions referred to:
Imperial State Chancery (Berlin)
Leipzig Commercial Court
Supreme Commercial Court of the German Empire

Bavarian Copyright Act 1865
Copyright Act for the German Empire 1870
Copyright Acts for the German Empire 1876
French Patents Act 1844
German Law for the Protection of Trademarks 1874

authorship, legal concept of
authorship, theory of
books, protected subject matter
dramatic works, protected subject matter
drawings, protected subject matter
maps, protected subject matter
music, protected subject matter
patents, for invention
personality theory
property theory

Responsible editor: Friedemann Kawohl

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