# Primary Sources on Copyright - Record Viewer




Swedish Freedom of the Press Ordinance, Stockholm (1810)

Source: Kong. Maj:ts Och Riksens Ständers Faststälde Tryckfrihets-Förordning; Dat. Stockholm den 9 Martii 1810. Cum Gratia & Privilegio S:æ R:æ Maj:tis. STOCKHOLM, Tryckt i Kongl. Tryckeriet, 1810.

Swedish Freedom of the Press Ordinance, Stockholm (1810), Primary Sources on Copyright (1450-1900), eds L. Bently & M. Kretschmer, www.copyrighthistory.org

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            Chapter 1 Page 4 of 21 total

judged for offenses in the general press, to be the defendant's legal defence and protection, We have, to ensure Freedom of the Press in a manner consistent with the legitimate demands of a Civil Society and every Citizen, wished to stipulate and prescribe the following:

Section 1

1. All previously applicable laws, provisions, and regulations concerning Freedom of the Press or Book Trade are hereby repealed, and as a consequence of this, all previously issued specific prohibitions on the publication of certain books, writings, and documents are also nullified; these shall not be subject to prosecution except as prescribed by this Freedom of the Press Ordinance.

2. No examination of the writing prior to printing, or any prohibition against its printing, shall take place. No written work shall be required to be submitted to the printer, publisher, or author before its publication, nor shall any inspection impeding the printing or publication of works be permitted; however, educational institutions shall retain their previous authority to review and approve the dissertations that are publicly defended in their lecture halls.

3. No privileges for the publication of writings, regardless of their form or nature, shall be required from now on. For every author or publisher, the right to publish from print shall be free, except where others have already obtained exclusive rights, which shall remain intact. Such exclusive rights shall not be granted for a longer period than twenty years from now on. Those already granted for an indefinite period shall be valid only for the lifetime of the recipient. Privileges for the publication of writings granted in support of public institutions shall not be in force for a longer period than twenty years, counted from the date of this Ordinance, with His Royal Majesty retaining the right to renew them each time for a maximum of twenty years.

4. No privileges for printing houses shall be required, but everyone shall be free to establish such printing houses within a city, or at a maximum distance of one-half Swedish mile [i.e., 6 km] from it, always subject to the city's jurisdiction, without being subject to any



pröfning af förbrytelser i allmänt tryck ankomma kan, at wara den tiltalades lagliga wärn och beskydd, hafwe Wi, til Tryckfrihetens försäkrande på et sätt, förenligt med et Borgerligt Samhälles och hwarje Medborgares rättmätiga fordringar, welat stadga och förordna följande:

§. 1.

1:o Alla förut gällande Lagar, Stadganden och Föreskrifter, i afseende på Tryckfriheten eller Bokhandeln, ware härmed uphäfna, och, såsom en följd häraf, äfwen alla hittils gifna särskildta Förbud emot utgifwandet af wissa Böcker, Skrifter och Handlingar; skolandes dessa ej kunna åtalas annorlunda, än denna Tryckfrihets-Lag bjuder.

2:o Någon tryckningen föregående granskning af Skrift, eller något förbud emot tryckning deraf, skal ej äga rum. Ej skal någon Skrift kunna före des utgifwande Boktryckare, Utgifware eller Författare affordras, ej eller något för tryckningen eller utgifningen hinderligt inseende öfwer Boktryckerier eller Författare och Utgifware wara tillåtit; Lärowerken dock deras förra rättighet förbehållen, at öfwerse och gilla sådane Afhandlingar, som skola på deras Lärosalar offentligen förswaras.

3:o Inga Privilegier på Skrifters utgifwande, af hwad form och beskaffenhet de wara må, skola hädanefter behöfwas, utan ware för hwarje Författare eller Förläggare, thy förutan, utgifningsrätten af trycket fri, andras redan erhållna uteslutande rätt dock oförkränkt. Sådan uteslutande rätt må hädanefter ej förunnas på längre tid än tjugu år. På obestämd tid redan förunnad gälle endast för dens lifstid, som den erhållit. Privilegier på Skrifters utgifwande, förlänta til allmänna Inrättningars understöd, äge ej kraft för längre tid än tjugu år, räknade från denna Lags datum, Kongl. Maj:t dock obetagit at dem hwarje gång på högst tjugu år förnya.

4:o Privilegier på Boktryckerier skola ej behöfwas, utan stånde hwar och en fritt at, utan hinder af någon Författning eller Boktryckeri-Reglemente, samt utan at wara underkastad någon



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Primary Sources on Copyright (1450-1900) is co-published by Faculty of Law, University of Cambridge, 10 West Road, Cambridge CB3 9DZ, UK and CREATe, School of Law, University of Glasgow, 10 The Square, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK